Friedrich Schiller, In his Aesthetic Education of Man, writes that, “Man is never so authentically himself as when at play." Play is what we do to be free. The chief source of play is through the productions of art. Take a fly fisherman for example. His attention focuses, time is arrested, and he can stave … Continue reading The Idea of Play
There is something wrong with America today when a Jordan Peterson, A psychology professor in Toronto, is the leading academic in North America. He rose to fame when a Youtube went viral of him bluntly telling his students in class that he would not call a student by their own preferred gender pronoun, and instead … Continue reading Jordan Peterson: The Symptom of Chaos
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was a German philosopher who was born and lived in Königsberg, Prussia. He grew up in a Lutheran Protestant household that focused on the literal interpretation of the Bible. This religious upbringing is taught through the lens of humility and devotion. He enrolled into the University of Königsberg at the age of … Continue reading Immanuel Kant: The Critique of Pure Reason
When we're young of age we begin to take in information from our parents without question. It's the principle of credulity we cling to as a child. We believe everything. As we get older, with the bricks of knowledge we've already laid to construct a foundation, we strengthen our beliefs with friendly facts. The wall … Continue reading The Brick Wall Effect
Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809-1892), a Victorian poet, completed his In Memoriam in 1849 where he wrestled with the contradictions between the idea of a providential god with the evolutionary and materialistic science of the day after the death of his best friend. The poem is divided into 133 cantos. He was son to a clergy … Continue reading Tennyson’s In Memoriam A.H.H.
"The stakes of philosophy are often high. How we answer the three fundamental problems of philosophy: the problem of knowledge, conduct, and governance governs our way of life for those that live according to their own philosophy. Aristotle began his treatise titled Metaphysics with this: All men by nature desire to know. An indication of … Continue reading Thomas Reid: Common Sense (revised)
What kind of fabric is reality woven from? I remember my youth reading a physics book by Brian Greene who popularized string theory with its many and varied dimensions, and the super-cooled higgs field that was the precondition for the big bang. My early mind was shaped by science. However, once I made contact with … Continue reading Pan Psychism’s Fitness
A dear friend of mine told me, categorically, that philosophy is a neurosis. A devastating conclusion. To this person I say that one will never rise above the mores of one's time if he does not ask the tough questions. The unexamined life one may choose to blindly follow results in being a product of … Continue reading A Defense of Philosophy
On freewill and determinism, Voltaire wrote: “It would be very singular that all nature, all the planets, should obey fixed eternal laws, and that there should be a little animal five feet high, who, in contempt of these laws, could act as he pleased, solely according to his caprice.” This captures the enlightenment's thoughts and … Continue reading Freewill and Determinism
Great nations write their autobiographies in three manuscripts, the book of their deeds, the book of their words and the book of their art. Not one of these books can be understood unless we read the two others, but of the three the only trustworthy one is the last. -JOHN RUSKIN The History of Venice, … Continue reading Psychology and its Artistic Counterparts.
There is no public or absolute perspective by which to study reality and our place there within. The freshmen philosopher, still trying to get his sea legs, will enounter countless philosophical methods, each with their own set of conclusions. Instead of the false belief that all of them are inferior to one single method, consider … Continue reading The Philosophical Toolbox
In 1996 a chess program named Deep Blue was set against Garry Kasparov, the world chess champion. Garry won 4-2. However, the next year Deep Blue was mightily upgraded and Garry lost. The question I want to pose to you is this: did Deep Blue ever actually play a game of chess? I mean, did … Continue reading The Problems of AI Consciousness
What is the ultimate nature of reality? In Philosophy of mind, there are many positions regarding what has real being. On a commonsense level, dualism seems to be the reality. Thoughts, beliefs, and qualia really do seem to be different from tables, apples, and automobiles; therefore, according to dualists, there are two types of stuff … Continue reading Mary, Quite Contrary: Consciousness Unexplained
Only when one abandons individuality, which is materiality itself, can there be an eternal life. As an individual entity you’re a material particular entity, and it is in abandoning that, and surrendering oneself to the good of the whole that the possibility of a life that transcends mere materiality becomes possible -Daniel Robinson
I once heard a philosophy peer say that reality is a strange fiction. I questioned how he ever made it to the market and back, surely he must have great friends who take good care of him. When entering the shipyard of philosophy we have eyes of innocence. We have principles that have gone unquestioned … Continue reading Traversing the Twisted Seas of Philosophy