In 1996 a chess program named Deep Blue was set against Garry Kasparov, the world chess champion. Garry won 4-2. However, the next year Deep Blue was mightily upgraded and Garry lost. The question I want to ask you is, did Deep Blue ever actually play a game of chess? I mean, did it enjoy it so much that it might possibly never want it to ever end, much like we never want life to end? Or is thatAI simply all dark inside? Furthermore, how intelligent was deep blue? Surely a pocket calculator can out perform the greatest mathematician, but is it really intelligent? To put it in another way, when I draw a map to give my friend directions to the concert, is the map intelligent or is the person who drew the map the one that is intelligent? Surely now we have entered into the realm of the Turing test. Taken from Wikipedia, this is the Turing test:
The Turing test is a test, developed by Alan Turing in 1950, of a machine’s ability to exhibit intelligent behavior equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human. Turing proposed that a human evaluator would judge natural language conversations between a human and a machine that is designed to generate human-like responses.
Let’s say we create an AI, let’s saw we even put it into an android shell, we program it to say “ouch!” every time when pinched, and ooze redness when it is pricked, is it conscious or is it all dark inside? It could certainly be living the life of a mindless zombie. The problem with other minds is that I can’t see another’s consciousness. All each of us can do is make inferences based on our own conscious life that other people are conscious too. But what if we perfectly program something so well that it mimics the life of a human. Would it have the spark of consciousness? Would it actually feel pain when pricked? Would it attach itself to life so very much that it would never want it to end, much like we do? As of right now, much like Deep Blue, all artificial intelligence is capable of creating are zombies which act on reflex of their programming. They may be able to quantify the beauty of Schubert in mathematical formulae but can they feel the depths of his masterpiece The Death of the Maiden? I believe that if we ever do create consciousness that we will sit back and ask ourselves, how did we ever do that?
*If you want to further look into the Turing test I recommend watching the films Bladerunner and Ex Machina.